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SDG 15. Protect, restore and promote sustainable use of terrestrial ecosystems, sustainably manage forests, combat desertification, and halt and reverse land degradation and halt biodiversity loss

Targets and Indicators
Target 15.1 By 2020, ensure the conservation, restoration and sustainable use of terrestrial and inland freshwater ecosystems and their services, in particular forests, wetlands, mountains and dry lands, in line with obligations under international agreements
15.1.1 Forest area as a proportion of total land area
1 Forest under community-based management (% of total dense forest areas)
15.1.2 Proportion of important sites for terrestrial and freshwater biodiversity that are covered by protected areas, by ecosystem type
1 Protected area (including forest, in % of total land area)
2 Conservation of lakes, wetlands, and ponds (number)
Target 15.2 By 2020, promote the implementation of sustainable management of all types of forests, halt deforestation, restore degraded forests and increase afforestation and reforestation
15.2.1 Progress towards sustainable forest management
1 Handover of forests to leasehold forest groups (000 hectare)
2 Aforestration in public and private lands(hectare per annum)
3 Additional plantation (seedlings in million per annum)
Target 15.3 By 2020, combat desertification, restore degraded land and soil, including land affected by desertification, drought and foods, and strive to achieve a land-degradation-neutral world
15.3.1 Proportion of land that is degraded over total land area
1 Forest Density (Average number of trees Per Hectare)
2 Conservation of rivulet & river banks through bio-engineering (km)
Target 15.4 By 2030, ensure the conservation of mountain ecosystems, including their biodiversity, in order to enhance their capacity to provide benefits that are essential for sustainable development
15.4.1 Coverage by protected areas of important sites for mountain biodiversity
1 Potentially dangerous lakes (%)
15.4.2 Mountain Green Cover Index
1 Mountain ecosystems covered by the protected areas (%)
Target 15.5 Take urgent and significant action to reduce the degradation of natural habitats, halt the loss of biodiversity and, by 2020, protect and prevent the extinction of threatened species
15.5.1 Red List Index
1 Threatened flora (medicinal & aromatic plants) (%)
2 Threatened fauna (mammals, birds, reptiles, amphibians, fishes, insects, Platyhelminthes, mollusks, etc.) (%)
3 Wild tigers (number)
4 Rhino (number)
5 Community led anti-poaching units mobilized (number)
Target 15.6 Ensure fair and equitable sharing of the benefits arising from the utilization of genetic resources and promote appropriate access to such resources
15.6.1 Number of countries that have adopted legislative, administrative and policy frameworks to ensure fair and equitable sharing of benefits
Target 15.7 Take urgent action to end poaching and trafficking of protected species of flora and fauna and address both demand and supply of illegal wildlife products
15.7.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked
Target 15.8 By 2020, introduce measures to prevent the introduction and significantly reduce the impact of invasive alien species on land and water ecosystems and control or eradicate the priority species
15.8.1 Proportion of countries adopting relevant national legislation and adequately resourcing the prevention or control of invasive alien species
Target 15.9 By 2020, integrate ecosystem and biodiversity values into national and local planning, development processes, poverty reduction strategies and accounts
15.9.1 Progress towards national targets established in accordance with Aichi Biodiversity Target 2 of the Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020
1 Plant (floral) species under conservation plan (number)
2 Animal (faunal) species under conservation plan (number)
Target 15.a Mobilize and significantly increase financial resources from all sources to conserve and sustainably use biodiversity and ecosystems
15.a.1 Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
Target 15.b Mobilize significant resources from all sources and at all levels to finance sustainable forest management and provide adequate incentives to developing countries to advance such management, including for conservation and reforestation
15.b.1 Official development assistance and public expenditure on conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity and ecosystems
Target 15.c Enhance global support for efforts to combat poaching and trafficking of protected species, including by increasing the capacity of local communities to pursue sustainable livelihood opportunities, the Doha Development Agenda and the Hong Kong ministerial mandate.
15.c.1 Proportion of traded wildlife that was poached or illicitly trafficked